Read the quote and express your opinion about it.

Find a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life.

– To what extent do you agree or disagree?

 – Do you really think a hobby might work out as a decent job?

1. Put Monika Smith’s steps up the career ladder in the correct order and say how succesful you think she was in her career and life.

__she applied for a vacancy

__she wasn’t out of work for long

__she was taken on as an office clerk

__she was appointed for the post of Head of Legal Affairs

__she was offered a part-time job

__she was seeking for a permanent job

__she gave in her resignation letter

__she drew up an up-to-date CV

__she attended job interviews

__she got a pay rise and a bonus

__she turned down the job offer

__she retired from her position

__she picked up new skills

__she was promoted to a lawyer’s assistant

__she was laid off because of the crisis

2. Match the halves of the word partnerships in the tables. Give examples of professions that require or involve the following qualities, skills, or responsibilities.

A) Collocations for requirements
B) Collocations with phrasal verbs

1) formal

2) refined

3) specific

4) sense of

5) physical

6) leadership/social

7) work

8) good

9) rich

10) stress

a) humour

b) taste

c) experience

d) qualifications

e) resistance

f) memory

g) fitness

h) imagination

i) skills

j) knowledge

1) come up

2) cut back

3) get on

4) keep up

5) back out

6) put in

7) get down

8) live up

9) come in

10) put up

a) to business

b) for a promotion

c) for criticism

d) to expectations

e) with a lot of hassle

b) with a solution

c) of an agreement

d) to the account department

e) with the latest development

f) on spending

3. Work in pairs and mark the adjectives P (positive) or N (negative), look up their meaning if you need to. Make a list of jobs that can be described with these adjectives.

monotonous / labour-intensive / rewarding / challenging / demanding / risky/ prestigious / seasonal / humanitarian / temporary / freelance / satisfying / menial / manual / stressful / collaborative / unskilled / voluntary / unfulfilling / promising / shift

4. Have you ever volunteered? What kind of voluntary work would you like to do? Read the article about volunteering and choose the statement that best describes its main idea.

The article tells …

a) about various skills and useful experiences, you can get when doing volunteer work

b) in what ways how you can improve your career prospects through helping other people

c) that volunteering gives you valuable experience and is worth doing before you search for your first job

Looking for your first job, you will probably come across a job advertisement that reads “fresh graduates welcomed” followed by “minimum two years” work experience. New graduates often struggle with getting a job without any previous employment experience or gaining relevant experience without having a job in the first place. The good news is that you don’t have to worry if your first CV is only a page long and you feel you do not have enough qualifications to talk during job interviews. Aside from work experience, there is a whole list of other things to focus on when creating your resume; academic achievements, involvement in projects, community participation, awards in contests and competitions really add value and help demonstrate a potential employer you are a good fit for the job.

However, with so many people today having excellent qualifications, it has become a much more difficult to find a desirable job. But what makes the employers pick one person over the other? Well, among all the credentials, one of the sections that can boost your CV and help your application get noticed, is volunteer work. Volunteering is not only good for your community; it is also good for your career. Through volunteering you can get valuable training and build up experiences essential for your dream profession. Your volunteering roles give the employer clear insight into what your personal strengths are and can help impress him with your ambition.

There are plenty of volunteer opportunities, but to find an ideal mission to suit your needs, think of the job-specific skills you would like to develop for your target career. For example, if you need more experience with patient care, consider volunteering at your local hospital. If you want to work with animals, volunteer at a local shelter or offer to help an animal rescue group. Even volunteering for a few hours a week will look good on your resume and help you stand out as a candidate.

With all of this in mind, make sure to highlight any relevant volunteer experience that you have on your CV! Volunteer work is a great way to give back, but this is also an opportunity that could be so much more. There’s even a chance a volunteer position can turn into a job. So, if you still haven’t decided – give it a go! Start with something small, and after all, you’ll be able to feel the greatest benefit of helping – a real sense of accomplishment, pride, and motivation, as volunteering is the most rewarding thing you can do.

5. Look through the text again and explain the meanings of the words in colour. Look up if necessary. Write sample sentences using them.

6. Read the statements below and tick those which are true for you. Explain your choice.

Voluntary work is a form of slavery!

I believe that voluntary work is an excellent way for young people to get work experience.

Voluntary work is a good way to learn lots of new.

I like helping other people.

The world would be a better place if more people did voluntary work.

Voluntary work is a waste of time.

You need money to survive.

I don’t have enough free time to volunteer.

The government should pay for some of the jobs volunteers do.

7. Listen to the recording and match the speakers to their dream jobs.

Speaker 1
Speaker 2
Speaker 3
Speaker 4
Speaker 5
Speaker 6

a) a naval doctor

b) a photographer

c) a medical doctor

d) a veterinarian

e) a lawyer

f) a professional chef

8. Listen to the recording again and complete the main reasons for choosing the profession by each speaker.

Speaker 1: The reason why I want to be a ... is ...

Speaker 2: The reason why I want to be a ... is ...

Speaker 3: The reason why I want to be a ... is ...

Speaker 4: The reason why I want to be a ... is ...

Speaker 5: The reason why I want to be a ... is ...

Speaker 6: The reason why I want to be a ... is ...


An INFINITIVE is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. It is formed with to + base form of the verb.

Infinitives can be used as:

1) an object following the verb:

E.g.: Jim always forgets to eat.

2) a subject at the beginning of a sentence:

E.g.: To travel around the world requires a lot of time and money.

3) an adverb modifying a verb:

E.g.: You promised to buy me a diamond ring.

4) an adjective modifying a noun:

E.g.: Tara has the ability to succeed.

5) Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive:

E.g.: Do you want to call your family now?

6) Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive:

E.g.: He advised me to sell all my shares of stock

1) Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject:

E.g.: Jogging is a hobby of mine.

2) Gerunds can act as an object following the verb:

E.g.: Daniel started studying at university a year ago.

3) Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition:

E.g.: I look forward to seeing my new roommate.

4) Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund:

E.g.: Paul avoids going to noisy parties.

9. Choose the correct gerund or infinitive form in the brackets at the end of the sentence.

1) She _________ to get up early in the morning. (likes/dislikes)

2) Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. (riding/to ride)

3) Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. (inviting/to invite)

4) In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _________. (fighting/to fight)

5) As the famous saying goes, there’s no use _________ over spilt milk. (crying/to cry)

6) Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. Wait for him. (tying/to tie)

7) My wife always volunteers _________ cakes for PTA meetings. (baking/to bake)

8) Don’t waste my time _________ about your salary. (complaining/to complain)

9) Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. (concentrating/to concentrate)

10) Please allow me _________ your Facebook page. (joining/to join)

10. Change the verbs in brackets into the correct form. Sometimes both infinitive and gerund are possible.

1) He is determined _________ (win) that race.

2) He lay in bed _________ (plan) the days to come.

3) We went _________ (run) in the morning.

4) Her fear of spiders made _________ (travel) difficult.

5) They don’t mind _________ (wait) outside.

6) The problem is _________ (get) there on time.

7) I am accustomed to _________ (take care) of myself.

8) I want him _________ (paint) the wall.

9) _________ (be) or _________ (not be), that is the question.

10) This guy is known for _________ (break) the rules.

11) Sue enjoys _________ (dance).

12) The advantages of_________ (go) by train were clearly visible.

11. What is the most interesting or unusual job you have ever had or heard about? Think about jobs your parents, relatives or acquaintances do. Prepare to describe it to your partner. Answer the questions below to help you organize your dialogue.

– What kind of job is it?

– What are responsibilities to come with the job?

– What personal traits should/shouldn’t one have to match the job?

– How would you describe the job? Is it demanding or rewarding, or what else? In what ways?

– What is the most interesting or unusual thing about it?

12. Work in pairs. Read functional phrases for the interview. Fill them into the table below in accordance with the categories. Explain or translate any unknown phrases to each other.

a) This job would offer professional development./This company has a very good reputation.

b) I did quite well in my final exams. I passed…/I received…for my English.

c) I’ve got lots of experience in this field./I have had two part-time jobs.

d) I am a very organized person./I feel that I could fulfill your requirements.

e) I get on really well with the public./I enjoy…ing (meeting people)

f) I’m really keen on… (computers)/I am a fast learner/I am ready to take on more responsibilities.

g) Sometimes I’m a bit too + adjective (e.g. serious, hard-working), and this might…(e.g. make my colleagues feel uncomfortable).

h) I think I get too + adjective/adjectival phrase (e.g. involved/caught up) in my work. That sometimes means… (e.g. I am thinking about work even at lunch or at home).

i) If I were offered the job, …how soon could I start?/…would there be any on-the-job training provided?

j) What expansion plans does the company have?/What are the promotion prospects in the company?

1) Talk about the job

2) Talk about your education

3) Talk about your skills

4) Talk about yourself

5) Talk about your experience

6) Ask some questions







13. Make up a dialogue with your partner and role play it. One of you is an interviewer and the other one is an interviewee. Continue the conversation using the table above as a plan.

Step 1: Greet the candidate and ask her/him to introduce...

14. Write a job advert for a vacant job. Write about 100-150 words. Use the following plan.

Job title: (insert job title here)

Salary: (insert starting salary, commissions, or benefits here)

Hours: (insert average number of working hours per week)

Location: (insert location of the office and any public transport required)

Key responsibilities & duties: (insert a list of primary responsibilities for the position)

Academic or trade qualifications: (insert list of desired qualifications)

Work experience and skills: (insert necessary experience and skills needed to perform the job)

Personal qualities: (insert a list of personal qualities of the worker you are looking for)

Матеріал до підручника Англійська мова 11 клас Нерсисян, Піроженко 2019
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