1. Read the short paragraphs below and choose the answers (a-d) that best fit each gap.

1)_____ the 20th century there was nothing that could help you achieve labor market success more than a good education. Even today, education is one of the strongest predictors of whether someone 2)_____ and how much he or she is paid. Yet, the rules have changed. High school 3)_____ in 1950 could get you a solid, middle-class job. But a diploma today is a minimum 4)_____ to get nearly any job – and, for most, it’s not enough to get you into the middle class. 5)_____ of education policy and of career and technical education in particular, 6)_____ incredible changes in technology and the workforce. And, while degree requirements have changed, education continues to be the cornerstone of 7)_____ preparation and success.


a) while

a) is employed

a) degree

a) need

a) scholars

a) saw

a) occupation

b) during

b) has employed

b) certificate

b) stage

b) scientists

b) have seen

b) trade

c) for

c) being employed

c) qualifications

c) obligation

c) tutors

c) are seeing

c) work

d) since

d) employed

d) level

d) requirement

d) professors

d) seen

d) job

Career consultants always have a few tricks 8)_____ their sleeve for those looking for a job. Go on and get it right! Read recruitment sections in newspapers and on the Internet. A good 9)_____ job with the promise of long-term employment can be difficult to find, so 10)_____ take a temporary job, even if it is only for a few months. Every day in most local newspapers there are attractive advertisements for both full-time and part-time jobs, so don’t miss them! When you’ve decided to apply 11)_____ a job, send your application with a CV as soon as possible. Don’t forget to list all your qualifications (degrees and diplomas) and any previous 12)_____ you have with this kind of work. At the interview don’t be afraid to ask about working 13)_____ (e.g. hours or holidays) but wait for the interviewer to mention the question of starting salary. Money is a delicate issue and being greedy will not get you a job. Dress for success! Put on smart clothes and wear something bright to 14)_____ your confidence at the interview.


a) in

a) stable

a) why don’t

a) to

a) skills

a) benefits

a) boost

b) up

b) constant

b) what if

b) for

b) involvements

b) conditions

b) enhance

c) under

c) permanent

c) if not

c) in

c) practice

c) trainings

c) raise

d) inside

d) frequent

d) why not

d) on

d) experience

d) backgrounds

d) expand

In Britain, education is 15)_____ between the ages of 5 and 16. Most children go to state schools, and only about 7% 16)_____ fee-paying private schools or public schools. They are famous for their excellence and challenging for unusually clever students, but also appreciative of less academically-gifted personalities. Young people there are expected to show respect for their teachers and obey school rules. Students who 17)_____ risk being excluded from school. They teach self-discipline, but creativity also. They are exciting, and at the same time, successful in conventional terms of percentage of examination passes and university entrances. Indeed, these schools 18)_____ students live, work, and play together do seem to have more success in realizing their objectives than any other educational institution of our times. 19)_____ all schools work a five-day week; the day starts at nine and finishes between three and four. The school year is divided into three terms. A typical 20)_____ includes Maths, History, Sciences, Languages, Art, Music, and Physical Education. A lot of schools offer a 21)______ after-school activities such as choir, drama, and trips to interesting places. The main exams are GCSEs (school-leaving exams at 16), and A-levels (university entrance exams at 18). University students graduate after completing their first degree, usually in three years. Many students then continue their studies for a Master’s degree, or a PhD.


a) comprehensive

a) visit

a) disbehave

a) where

a) closely

a) course

a) a range of

b) general

b) attend

b) behave

b) which

b) around

b) curriculum

b) a set of

c) obligatory

c) go

c) misbehave

c) that

c) about

c) agenda

c) a series of

d) compulsory

d) prefer

d) badly-behaved

d) what

d) nearly

d) programme

d) a diversity of

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