1. Complete the words and add some more vocabulary to each column.
a r… castle, a b… harbour, an industrial a… a famous m…, a market s…, a stunning v…
a river b…, a dense f…, a steep h…, a breathtaking s….
2. Discuss the differences of city life and country life. Think of some advantages and disadvantages. Mention the following points.
pollution / nightlife / cost of living / local facilities / property prices / nature / transport and traffic / opportunities / flow of life / population / crime rate / life standard
|Urban life||Rural life|
3. Read the text about the best cities for young people and tell which city is the most suitable for you and why.
THE BEST CITIES FOR YOUNG PEOPLE
Young professionals and millennials are on the go now more than ever. They don’t settle down in a single destination and keep travelling until they’ve found the city they call home. Check out the list of the most suitable cities according to the latest surveys.
This bustling city of New York, famous as “The City that Never Sleeps”, tops the list. There is no place like New York with its iconic skyline. From the Empire State Building to the Art Deco Chrysler Building, New York City is home to the world’s bestknown skyscrapers. It is a business centre in the United States and one of the world’s greatest financial hubs. Though rental prices are through the roof, sharing a place with roommates is always an option to afford life in the Big Apple. Except for the plenty of opportunities for youth employment, New York is in the centre of cultural events, festivals, museums, and crazy busy dynamics and is packed with tourists and immigrants.
Cosmopolitan Berlin is the city with a 24/7 nightlife and a thriving start-up scene. It also scores highly on delicious food, reliable transport network, immigration tolerance, and well-known outdoor festivals. The capital of Germany is steeped in history and prides itself on the long list of composers, scientists, inventors, and philosophers it has produced. It is a youth hot spot due to its affordable real estate, low crime rate, high employment rate, welcoming people, and high standard of living with opportunities to be found in a wide range of sectors like music/film industry, advertising, engineering or business.
Montreal is ranked the third best city in the world for young people! It combines multiple factors such as transportation, accessibility, affordability, the quality of education, Internet speed, and healthcare. Its bilingualism and overflowing culture definitely add to its title. Montreal stands out as a unique and historic metropolitan area and an important hub for commerce, arts, culture, and architecture in Canada. Montreal’s province, Quebec, is culturally distinct from the rest of Canada because its sole official language is French. Its French-Canadian charm combined with many immigrant cultures have made this city in Quebec a lively mix of people, food, and attractions.
The highest ranking UK city on the list is London, which is praised for its respect for personal freedom and choice. It is rich in history and a leading global metropolis. London is made up of two ancient cities, and has numerous public green spaces, museums, galleries, libraries, and sporting facilities. The City of London is its historical heart, and the City of Westminster locates most of the government offices. Each neighbourhood represents a life of its own, with diverse culture, outstanding food, and varied music scene. More than 300 languages are spoken within the city. In 2012 London hosted the Summer Olympics for the third time.
The Dutch nominal capital Amsterdam was merely a small fishing village founded in the 12th century, and now it is fifth in this list thanks to its laid back way of life. The city is renowned for inclusivity, accessibility, vibrant nightlife, and people with open-minded views. In Amsterdam locals ride their bikes instead of using cars or other means of transportation, and this makes the city easy to get around. Each of the thousands of buildings that line
Amsterdam’s main canals can be classified as aesthetic monuments that make the city one of the most captivating in the world, an amazing place of bridges, picturesque cobbled streets, and strikingly elegant architecture.
4. Look at the words in colour in the text and match them to their definitions.
1) a pavement made of stone
2) comfortable for travelling
4) historic town centre
5) big urban city
6) the degree of wealth and material comfort
7) good possibilities for starting business
8) a lively and popular place
9) financial centre
10) visible horizon
5. Look at the italicized adjectives in the text and divide them into positive and negative ones. Give their antonyms where possible.
6. Look at the words in bold in the text and make up sentences about different cities of the world using these vocabulary.
a large place with boundaries, a building:
in the garden, in the forest, in the car park, in the library
|in contact with a surface:|
on the wall, on the table,on the 5th floor, on the page
at the table, at the bus stop
inside an enclosed area or space:
in the city, in the sky, in bed, in my bag, in the picture
as a point of a line:
on the way from… to…; on the left/right; on the mind; on TV/the Internet/radio
events or buildings where events or activities take place:
at the party, at the concert, at the cinema, at the library
some forms of transport:
in a car, in a taxi, in a helicopter
physically be on transport:
on a bike, on a bus/train/plane/ship, on board of a ... travel on trains/planes/buses
before nouns referring to a place or position, events:
at the top, at the bottom, at the front, at the back, at the beginning, at the end, BUT in the middle
arrive in a city, country:
arrive in Paris or France BUT live/be born in London
directly at a lake, river, sea:
on the River Thames, on the east coast
arrive at a small place:
arrive at the station, at the office, at the meeting, at a small village
It’s important to note the use of “at” and “on” when we’re referring to addresses. As you would expect, we use “at” when we’re providing an exact address. However, we use “on” for addresses without house or building numbers, just with the name of the street. Also, you need to use “in” speaking about the location in general.
E.g.: Her favourite bakery is at 123 Cake Street, but her favourite bakery is on Cake Street. Mark lives at 55 Oxford Street. – Mark lives on Oxford Street. There is too much litter in the streets of Manila. – I just walked past this woman in the street. on the streets = in the street (without home): Some of these people have been living on the streets for years. Poverty contributes to the growing problem of children living in the street.
7. Choose a suitable preposition: at, in, or on for each sentence.
1) You can see all members of our staff _________ this photograph.
2) It’s dangerous to play football _________ the streets.
3) The address mentioned _________ the top page of the booklet is out of date.
4) I didn’t have time to read it properly. I just looked at it quickly while I was _____ the plane.
5) We got stuck _________ a traffic jam _________ the way to the airport.
6) The headquarters of the United Nations are _________ Long Street _________ New York.
7) The train stops _________ every station. 8) There is one more entrance _________ the back of the house.
9) In most countries people drive _________ the right.
10)I’ll meet you near the shop _________ the corner of Dale Street and Old Hall Street at 10.
11) Turn left _______ the next crossing and you’ll see that big green building ______ the park.
12)I’ll meet you _________ the cafe _________ the mall.
13) So, did you arrive _________ the destination _________ a plane or train?
14) We stay _________ the hotel _________ the beach.
15) It’s easy to get there. Turn left _______ the next crossing and you’ll see a big green building.
16) That man over there keeps staring _________ you, Mary. Do you know him?
17) There aren’t many public buildings _________ the city centre.
18) What time did you arrive _____ the airport?
19) The man sitting _________ the armchair in the hall is waiting for you, Mr. Green.
20) The address mentioned _________ this booklet is out of date. You can’t use it.
8. Name the five most important things for you in the place where you live. You can give your own ideas or check the lists in Ex. 10 to help you come up with the answer.
9. Listen to the 3 teenagers speaking about their places of living and tick the things which are important to them. Do you think they are satisfied with these places?
|Speaker 1||Speaker 2||Speaker 3||Speaker 4|
Available sports facilities
City traffic intensity
Top brand shops
Safe cycle lanes
Busy downtown area
10. Work in pairs. Choose the points above or add your own ideas. Then choose one of the two pictures below and describe it. Talk about the landscape; mention the facilities, opportunities and living conditions; state pros and cons. Tell about where you live now and where you would prefer to live. Ask and answer additional questions. Use the prompts below.
– This picture shows/We can see …
– The … in this photo is/are …
– They remind me of … , because…
– Judging by .../Based on…
– … looks/seems as if/as though …
– This is obviously/clearly, that/there is/are …
– It is definitely/certainly (not) … , because …
– It’s hard to be sure/It’s not easy to say/I can’t really tell you, …
– But I know exactly/What’s quite true, is/ The fact is, that …
– So/All in all/On the whole, city/country life
11. Write an essay about the migration from a big town or city to the country. Explain some of the difficulties people can face when moving and tell about the benefits they can get. Use the following points for the discussion.
travelling around / leisure activities / making new friends / shopping facilities / job and educational opportunities / people and neighbourho
Матеріал до підручника Англійська мова 11 клас Нерсисян, Піроженко 2019od