1. Read the short paragraphs below and choose the answers (a-d) that best fit each gap.

Opera refers to a 1)_____ art form, originating in Europe, in which the emotional content is conveyed to the audience 2)_____ through music, both vocal and instrumental, as it is through the 3)_____. By contrast, in musical theatre an actor’s dramatic performance is primary, and the music plays a lesser role. The drama in opera is presented using the primary elements of theatre such as scenery, costumes, and acting. However, the words of the opera, or libretto, 4)_____ rather than spoken. The singers are accompanied 5)_____ a musical ensemble ranging from a small instrumental ensemble to a full symphonic orchestra.






a) drama

a) as much

a) words

a) sung

a) with

b) dramatic

b) much more

b) songs

b) are sung

b) of

c) dramatized

c) so much

c) verses

c) being sung

c) by

d) dramatist

d) much

d) lyrics

d) singing

d) along

Bright neon powder covers 6)_____ in northern India during the annual Hindu celebration called Holi, usually held in March. Known as the festival of colours, Holi is celebrated on the last full moon in the lunar month of Phalguna. Celebrants light bonfires, throw colourful powder called gulal, eat sweets, and dance to traditional folk music. 7)_____ this one day societal rankings such as caste, gender, age, and status are eschewed in the spirit of 8)_____ together, and everyone is fair game to be doused with colour. Holi’s traditions vary 9)_____ the country and have their roots in Indian mythology. In many places the festival is associated with the legend of a demon king in ancient India and heralded as a 10)_____ of good over evil.






a) rioters

a) At

a) jollymaking

a) over

a) triumph

b) revellers

b) In

b) galamaking

b) among

b) defeat

c) partygoers

c) On

c) funmaking

c) throughout

c) breakthrough

d) precisionists

d) For

d) merrymaking

d) around

d) conquest

Shopping on our web site occurs in a few easy steps. Go to our online 11)_____ . Select the product and quantity that you want to purchase. A confirmation page is presented to you with the total value of your order after you 12)_____ the products you wish to purchase. You are required to enter your name, email address, and postal address to proceed. The credit card number is taken in the next step on the credit card processor’s site, where your credit card details are requested. This is done through a secure connection with 13)_____ encryption. After the transaction is approved and your credit card number and other details verified, you are automatically sent an email by Syvum Customer Service with all the product installation codes. This normally 14)_____ a few seconds, and you can expect to receive this email even before you proceed to the next step. You also receive an email which is an electronic 15)_____ of the order. Once your order is delivered, enjoy the product you have just purchased!






a) store

a) are selected

a) up-to-date

a) needs

a) recipe

b) stall

b) selected

b) state-of-the-art

b) requires

b) receipt

c) outlet

c) have selected

c) progressive

c) occupies

c) recap

d) magazine

d) had selected

d) high-tech

d) takes

d) receipt

The Academy Awards, 16)_____ known as The Oscars, are a set of awards given annually forexcellence of cinematic achievements; given each year at a formal ceremony. The Oscar statuettewas originally sculpted by George Stanley from a design 17)_____ by Cedric Gibbons. It is officiallynamed the Academy Award of Merit, although more commonly 18)_____ by its nickname “Oscar”.The Academy Awards ceremony was first broadcast on radio in 1930 and televised for the firsttime in 1953. It is the oldest worldwide entertainment awards ceremony and is now seen 19)_____worldwide. Its equivalents – the Emmy Awards for television, the Stage Awards for theatre, andthe Grammy Awards for music – are modelled after the Academy Awards. The 90th AcademyAwards ceremony, 20)_____ the best films of 2017, was held on 4 March 2018, at the DolbyTheatre, in Los Angeles, California. The ceremony was hosted by Jimmy Kimmel and was broadcaston ABC. A total of 3,072 Oscars 21)_____ from the inception of the award through the 90th.







a) formally

a) diagram

a) referred to

a) lively

a) honoured

a) are awarded

b) informally

b) scheme

b) addressed to

b) life

b) honouring

b) awarded

c) uncommonly

c) sketch

c) described as

c) alive

c) to honour

c) have awarded

d) unofficially

d) plan

d) qualified as

d) live

d) having honoured

d) have been awarded

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