– What kind of people work there and what are their main functions and role in the society?
1. What types of government do you know? Match the terms to their definitions.
a) is a group of countries that have united to form a larger government
b) is a country that has a king or queen
c) is a country ruled by a dictator
d) is a country without being governed or controlled by another country
e) is a country in which power is held by elected representatives
f) a nation, state or other political entity founded on law and united by the people for the common good.
g) is a country that is governed by elected representatives and an elected leader
2. Choose the most appropriate words.
1) The judge/president ordered the company to pay compensation to the claimant.
2) This famous politician often attacks his opposition/opponents in the newspaper.
3) They went into politics/party in the hope of changing society.
4) The government has limited legal powers/control over television.
5) Each deputy represents an area of the country that is called a government/constituency.
6) He has now been formally nominated as presidential candidate/politician.
7) The most important members of the government are all in the cabinet/assembly.
8) A popular election/referendum showed that the majority of people want reform.
9) On voting/polling day electors cast their votes.
10) The country has a new supreme electorate/representative body.
3. Complete the following table with the appropriate derivatives.
4. Put the following words/phrases in the open places to complete the paragraph.
the parliament / executive / the Cabinet of Ministers / the Chairman / principle / republic / the President / secret ballot / independent / branches / the Supreme Court / sovereignty
Ukraine is a unitary, sovereign, and 1) _____ democratic, social, and legal state, a parliamentary-presidential 2) _____ . The people are the bearers of 3) _____ and the only source of power in Ukraine. The people exercise power directly and through state 4) _____ and local selfgovernment bodies. The power in Ukraine is carried out according to the 5) _____ of its division into legislative, 6) _____, and judicial. The executive power in the country belongs to 7) _____ , and the legislative power – to the 8) _____ . It is called the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine that is headed by 9) _____ and is responsible for making laws. The supreme body of the judiciary in Ukraine is 10) _____ of Ukraine. The head of Ukraine is 11) _____ and can influence the work of all three branches of power. Voting is organized in the form of 12) _____ from the age of 18.
5. What is your attitude to a visa-free regime for Ukrainians with Europe? What EU countries can Ukrainians visit without a visa? Look at the map below and name those countries? Have you tried using it yet? What pros and cons can you name? Read the article by UNIAN, information agency of Ukraine, and check your ideas
On June 11, 2017, the decision of the Council of the European Union introduced a visa-free regime for short trips of Ukrainian citizens to 30 countries of the European Union and 1) _____. A visa-free regime allows Ukrainians who have a biometric passport of a citizen of Ukraine to stay and freely travel across Europe 2) _____. So, from now on, Ukrainians can travel to Europe for tourism, visiting relatives, search for business partners, attending seminars, conferences, concerts, music and 3) _____. In case a person should stay in the EU for a long time, more than 90 days, 4) _____.
At the same time, the visa-free regime does not apply to economic, commercial activities, 5) _____. In this case, a person must apply for working visa. Although, visa-free regime allows studying in the EU in the framework of short-term programs lasting no more than 90 days. For a longer period of study, a person will have to apply for a special visa, but short internships, courses, seminars, participation in scientific conferences, as well as the choice of a university or college – 6) _____.
When entering the EU countries, a Ukrainian citizen must have documents confirming the purpose of the trip, the place of residence, the availability of financial means for this period of stay and 7) _____. In addition, Ukrainian citizens must have a health insurance policy for visafree border crossing, and the vehicle owner’s liability insurance policy 8) _____.
Thanks to the introduction of the regime, Ukrainians are allowed to travel without visas to those countries of the European Union that are members of the Schengen zone: Austria, Belgium, Greece, Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, France, the Czech Republic and Sweden. In addition, these are four EU member states that are members of the Schengen area but have not yet withdrawn control on their internal borders: 9) _____. Also, these are four other states that are not included in the EU but are parties to the Schengen agreement – 10) _____. In addition, visa requirements for Ukrainian travellers will be removed by those countries and territories that now require Ukrainians to have a Schengen visa or those that can only be entered by transit through the member states of the Schengen agreement, for example, 11) _____. Visafree travel does not apply to travel to the UK and Ireland, which conduct their own migration policies. Ukrainians still need visas to visit these two countries. The need to get visas also applies to the non-European territories of 12) _____.
6. Put the following extracts into the correct places in the article. One phrase is extra.
a) theatre festivals, sports competitions, beach recreation
b) France and the Netherlands
c) the Schengen zone came into force
d) employment, contract work, etc
e) Bulgaria, Cyprus, Romania, and Croatia
f) for no more than 90 days during any 180-day period
g) Monaco or the Vatican
h) all this becomes available without a visa
i) in case of travelling by car
j) Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland
k) before the consent to work is given
l) he/she should apply for a visa
m) the intention to return to the place of permanent residence
7. Look through the text again and tell whether the following sentences are true (T) or false (F). Correct the false ones.
1) From June 11, 2017, Schengen visas have been cancelled for the owners of biometric passports.
2) You can work in the EU, but no more than 90 days during any 180-day period.
3) Totally, you can move freely across 22 European countries only with your biometric passport.
4) Visa-free travel is applied to all EU countries, except for Ireland and the UK, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.
5) A visa-free regime provides you with biometric passports travelling to the EU for up to 90 days in any 180-day period, for tourism, to visit relatives or friends, or for business purposes, commercial activities, and work.
6) You should apply for a Schengen visa if you want to travel to Monaco or the Vatican.
7) You need to get a visa if you want to visit France or the Netherlands.
8) You should have a health insurance policy and show it at border crossings.
8. Complete the following table accordingly.
|I need a visa to visit the EU if/when||I don’t need a visa to visit the EU if/when|
9. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.
1) He _____ (receive) my e-mail if he’d been online yesterday evening.
2) If I were him, I _____ (not/have) quit my job until I’d found another.
3) Go now if you _____ (feel) tired.
4) What _____ (she/do) if she _____ (fail) the exam?
5) If Alice were more creative, the company _____ (send) her to Paris to work on the new advertising campaign.
6) You can go now if you _____ (finish).
7) My father would have died if the doctors (not operate) _____ on him straight away.
8) Mmm! This meal’s delicious! If I _____ (can) cook as well as this, I _____ (open) a restaurant.
9) If Kate _____ (give) a speech tomorrow, she would be very nervous.
10) What would have you done if the boss _____ (ask) you to work overtime?
11)If you _____ (not/manage) to finish the catalogue on time, we’ll have to postpone the printing until next month.
12) The accident _____ (might/not/be) so bad if you’d been driving more slowly.
10. Match the beginnings with endings to complete the mixed sentences.
1) I’d have been able to translate the letter
2) If I didn’t have this homework to do,
3) If I had gone to university,
4) If he’d taken the medicine
5) If I always ate too much,
6) If Philip thought about it,
7) If Monika had only planned ahead,
8) The presentation would have been more successful
9) If you switch the photocopier off and on again,
10)If I’d won the competition
11)If we didn’t trust them,
12)I’d have my driving licence
a) if my Italian was better.
b) she wouldn’t be stuck in a war torn country.
c) I would have gotten sick a long time ago.
d) I would be a lawyer now.
e) it should work.
f) if you were better at speaking in public.
g) he wouldn’t still be sick.
h) if I had stopped at the traffic lights.
i) I would have gone out with my friends.
j) he would have come to the same conclusion.
k) I’d be going to Berlin next week.
l) we wouldn’t have asked them to stay with us last summer.
11. Make up mixed type conditionals using the sentences below.
1) James is always lazy. He failed a test last week.
2) You forgot to bring the map. We got lost.
3) I don’t have a degree, so I didn’t get the job.
4) Nicole speaks Chinese fluently because she lived in China for ten years. ____________________________________________________________________________
5) Tom is not going to come to dinner tomorrow because you insulted him yesterday. ____________________________________________________________________________
6) She wasn’t born in the United States and she does need a visa now to work here. ____________________________________________________________________________
7) I am not rich and that is why I didn’t buy the Ferrari instead of Ford. ____________________________________________________________________________
12. Are you interested in politics? Why/not? What change can the youth make for the world when involved in politics? Listen to the recording and note down the ideas.
|Speaker 1:_____||Speaker 2:_____||Speaker 3:_____|
13. Complete the sentences. Use only one word in each gap. Listen to the recording and check your answers. Do you agree with the statements below? Support your opinion.
1) In order to become engaged in politics in the most _____ ways, young people can learn about political _____, political actions, political _____, and other realities within and _____ the political system.
2) These include communication, _____, change management, and conflict _____ skills. It also means participating in _____ activities designed to build their capacity for _____action.
3) Never in _____ have children and youth been seen or _____ as serious political actors; given the _____, they will be.
14. Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions in turns. Discuss the following:
1) What is the political system of Ukraine?
2) What are the main political parties in Ukraine? Which party is now in power in Ukraine?
3) Have you ever read the party’s policies? Which ones do you support?
4) How often are elections held in Ukraine? How important is it to vote in elections?
5) Would you like to be the president of Ukraine? Why/not?
6) Do you think being a politician is a hard job? Why/not?
7) What do you think are the main functions of the politicians and the government?
8) Do they fulfil their responsibilities in Ukrainian government?
9) How old do you have to be to vote in Ukraine? What are the ways to encourage young people to vote?
15. Write a letter to the president or the government. Express your idea of Youth Participation in Todays Politics. Should young people be enabled to influence key decisions that affect their state and society? Should the voting age be lowered? Do you think the opinions of young people are valued at school and in society in general? Write about some other possible ways to make young voices be heard.
Матеріал до підручника Англійська мова 11 клас Нерсисян, Піроженко 2019